eSwatini’s King Mswati III, Africa’s last absolute monarch, flees country: report - International Burch University
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eSwatini’s King Mswati III, Africa’s last absolute monarch, flees country: report

King Mswati III of eSwatini, Africa’s last absolute monarchy, has allegedly fled his country as pro-democracy protests turned violent, according to the South African Broadcasting Corp.

But eSwatini government spokesman Sabelo Dlamini denied the king had fled, Reuters reported.

Demonstrators have set fire to several shops in Matsapha town in central eSwatini, according to neighbouring South Africa’s state-owned broadcaster. Police fired tear gas and water cannons at the protesters demanding democracy in the country that has banned political parties since the early 1970s.

eSwatini, which was previously known as Swaziland until 2018, has been led by King Mswati III since 1986 when he was 18.

The king in the nation of about 1.3 million people controls parliament and appoints ministers in the landlocked country surrounded by South Africa and Mozambique.

It is one of Africa’s smallest countries and is Taiwan’s last diplomatic ally in Africa. The kingdom has for years resisted switching ties to China.

Earlier this year, Mswati said he had recovered from Covid-19 in January after taking an antiviral drug sent by Taiwan.

Protests are usually rare in eSwatini. The government had last Thursday banned protests, with National Police Commissioner William Dlamini warning that officers would be “zero-tolerant” of breaches of the ban.

The 53-year-old king has come under fire for his expensive tastes and spending while most inhabitants live below the poverty line. Mswati reportedly has 15 wives – his predecessor had 125.

In 2019, the country was rocked by a series of strikes by civil servants who accused the monarch of draining public coffers at the expense of his subjects.

Bloomberg, Reuters and Agence France-Presse


Department of International Relations and European Studies